A true Zoroastrian Thanksgiving

Posted by:

Roj Mohor Mah Tir, 1386 Yz.

As our Parsi brothers and sisters in America join many millions of their countrymen in observing the festival of Thanksgiving over this weekend, it seems to be an apt moment to think about what would be a truly Zoroastrian form of thanksgiving. Originally, Thanksgiving was a post-harvest festival celebrated to thank God for the rich and abundant harvest. Over the years, the seasonal and religious aspect has been quietly replaced by the excessive importance to the turkey, unmindful (and often wasteful) binging and drinking, and excessive materialism marked by ‘Black Friday’ sales.

In the Zoroastrian religion, thanksgiving to God is an essential and daily part of our routine prayers. The Pazend word Sepas means thanks and it occurs with great regularity in our Pazend prayers, especially in the 30 Roj as well as the 6 Major Setayashes. The word Setayash itself is derived from the Pahlavi ‘studan’ to praise, which is in turn derived from the Avesta staot ‘vibrationary energies/colors’. The Setayashes are beautifully devotional pieces, which complement the highly charged Avesta prayers as thought-force generators. It is easier to understand and run through the meanings of the Setayash prayers and hence they are obligatory recitals at the end of our daily Avesta prayers.

It is also interesting to note that the 31st of the 101 names of God is Hu-Sepas: One Worthy of Thanks.

But what should we be thankful to God for? In the current day and age we live in, it seems most people are highly dissatisfied with God. People stuck in unhappy jobs, non-working marriages, financial troubles, health issues… the list goes on – what is there to thank God about? Many, especially in the advanced countries, and now more often, many Parsis, equate thanksgiving with the possession of material goods. They live in an imaginary world where they have a list of items to acquire. They believe that once these items are acquired they will be happy and feel complete. But the satisfaction achieved by buying something of material value is very fleeting and temporary. We soon get jaded with it and our mind becomes fixated on the next acquisition. Once that is achieved, the mind wanders on to something else, and so it goes on. The search for material acquisition-led happiness is a one-way street leading to nothing but despair and frustration.

It is therefore important to note that the acquisition of material items can never be equivalent to satisfaction, or thanksgiving. The real satisfaction comes from understanding the working of the Lord, from becoming one with His Energy and Presence, from unraveling the mysteries of the universe. That satisfaction is real, everlasting and spiritually uplifting. The Avesta has a beautiful word for it – Khshnoom – that which arouses Spiritual Bliss in a person. This is the reason why the Abed Sahebs of Demavand told our Master, Ustad Saheb Behramshah Nowroji Shroff, that the knowledge he was being given to propagate to Parsis around the world was to be called Ilm-e-Khshnoom – the Knowledge which brings about Spiritual Bliss and complete satisfaction.

For a Zoroastrian, thanksgiving is not an annual event but rather something that should be indulged in every living day of his existence. How can we do that? Is there a special prayer for Thanksgiving? Yes there is, and it is an essential daily prayer which unfortunately most of us were never taught completely. It is called the Din-no-Kalmo, or the Zoroastrian Creed. It is the prayer which we all recited when our Navjote was performed. But we recited only a truncated version. The full version, which I give below, shows the real reason for a Zoroastrian to observe Thanksgiving.

Ba nam-e Yazad bakshayandehe bakshayazgar-e Meherban!

Razishtayao chistayao Mazdadatayao ashaonyao Daenayao vanghuyao Mazdayasnoish.

Din beh rast va dorost, ke Khodae bar khalk, ferastadeh in hast, ke Zarthosht avordeh hast, Dine Din-e Zarthosht, Din-e Ahura Mazda dadeh Zarthosht, bishak va biguman, rast Dine Zarthosht Spitaman.

Ae Yazdan! Ba dargah-e to hazaran hazar, bivar hazaran hazar sepas mikunam, ke dar Din-e Zarthosht mara peda be-kard! Az barkate Dine u man dar Garothman yakin khaham shud!

Yakin khaham ke jumle baste-kustiane, niku-kerdarane, haft keshwar zamin, ba ma hamazor bad! Yak az ma shomordan hazar bad!

Kabulat bad yaksar puzeshe ma! Ba dargahat rasad amorzeshe ma!

Gunah guzarashne, kerfeh afzayashne! Ashem Vohu 1.

In the Name of the Lord, the Bestower of Good Things, the Redeemer of Sins, the Merciful!

Propitiation of the just and holy Wisdom, created by Ahura Mazda and of the good Mazda-worshipping Religion!

This is the good and just Religion, the perfect Religion, which the Creator Ahura Mazda sent for the people of this world, and which Prophet Zarathustra brought for us. That True religion, which is beyond doubt and unquestionable, is the religion of Zarathushtra, and the religion of Ahura Mazda, which was handed by the Creator to Holy Zarathushtra.

O Lord! I offer millions and billions of thanksgiving at your doorstep, that you gave birth to me in the Religion of Zarathushtra!

It is only by means of this religion and its efficacy that I will, without doubt, attain the Highest Heaven – the House of Songs where Ahura Mazda resides!

I sincerely pray that all true and virtuous Kusti-wearing Zoroastrians throughout the seven regions of the Cosmos become of one-mind and one-thought with me! May this, my one appeal, be equivalent to a thousand such appeals!

O Lord! May my earnest prayer be fully accepted by You! May my desire for penitence reach Your Doorstep!

May our sins be forever redeemed! May our meritorious deeds ever multiply! Ashem Vohu.

The greatest Thanks we can offer God is that we were fortunate to be born as Zoroastrians (not converted or ‘initiated’ through fake ‘Navjotes’). That we earned the right to wear the Sudreh and Kusti, to recite the sacred Avesta, to utilize the various instruments of the Zoroastrian faith – our Agiaries and Atash Behrams, our Dakhmas and wells, our age-old traditions (Daregayao Upayanayao) and our sacred Kinetics (ceremonies).

And it is only through the just and proper use of these tools of the Zoroastrian faith, and the limitless blessings of the Lord Ahura Mazda and His Prophet Zarathushtra, that we shall, without doubt, lose all vestiges of sin that are attached to us and become pure and sublime, ascending to the House of Songs (Garothman) where Ahura Mazda Himself resides, and take up our rightful place next to Him!

And we shall not rest just by doing that! We shall strive to lift each and every other true and virtuous Zoroastrian, in whichever corner of the Cosmos he or she may be in, and raise their consciousness to the level of Chisti – Divine Wisdom, created by Ahura Mazda, so that they too may ascend the Highest Heaven! In doing so we shall redeem all our sins and our virtuous deeds will ever multiply!

Readers of Frashogard! This is the true Thanksgiving, this is the true prayer which should be recited by all of us, at least once a day, or if possible at every change of the Gah, with full devotion and mindfulness! It is a prayer bursting with piety and optimism, with fervour and righteous energy! It can wash away all our blues and lift our minds to a most optimal level.

May we all offer true thanksgiving to the Lord and His Prophet Zarathushtra for what He has done and continues to do for us!

Ervad Marzban J. Hathiram



  1. Ruby Sanjana  November 26, 2016

    Ervad Saheb,
    THANK YOU for all your beautiful articles.
    A small request. Pl begin writing again on a more regular basis like before.

  2. Roshan E Darabna  November 26, 2016

    Many thanks Ervad Marzban Hathiram for your illuminating post of “Thanksgiving””!!
    The indepth knowledge you have shared in here is worth many a praises to you. Indeed Thanksgiving is a must to our Creator Ahura Mazda 24/7 by us Zarathustris. At the same time my sincere Thanksgiving wishes to you too for your true and valuable knowledge on our Paak Mazdyasni Zarathustri Deen shared through your portal of Frashogard, sharing it with us readers.
    Wish you the choicest Grace of Ahura Mazda with Tandarosti. Ushta Te!

  3. Adil Patel  November 26, 2016

    Please keep on sending such wonderful prayers and its meaning

  4. Aspy Khan  November 26, 2016

    Thank you dear Ervad Marzban, for this wonderful eyeopener. Please do write on a regular basis & keep us enlightened.

  5. Marzban  November 26, 2016

    As much as I truly not only appreciate but am indeed very grateful to Marzban Saheb for his untiring Labour to illuminate us about our most beautiful, most pure, most just, most sensible, most righteous faith (which I have found most excellent) I feel it unnecessary to have to compare or make any mention of another faith to make a point. Deen e Mazdiyasni by itself is so, so beautiful and so, so splendidly radiant that it’s glory is sustained by its own inherent greatness, beauty, radiance and so much more. If one cannot view it thus then truly it is that one’s uttererly grave misfortune and sadly perhaps a lack of common sense. May Ahura Mazda illuminate these unfortunate minds and help them perceive this incomparable faith.
    We truly are immensely indebted to Nabi o na nabi, Vakshure Vakshuran Ramjago Asho Speetman Zarathustra.

  6. Delnavaz  November 28, 2016

    Please give us similar explanations for our other prayers as well for eg. our Avaa / Aadar Nyash

  7. Delnaz Taraporewala  November 28, 2016

    Respected Ervadji,
    Thank you very much for enlightening us on the true Zoroastrian Thanksgiving prayer and sharing the full version of Din-no-Kalmo prayer.
    In the present times, all the articles on Frashogard form an important food for nourishment of our soul and every Zoroastrian should read all the articles and implement them in their daily life.
    Wishing you best of health and happiness always.
    Always awaiting your future articles relating to Ilm-e-Khshnoom – the Knowledge which brings about Spiritual Bliss and complete satisfaction. The Frashogard blog is a boon to us and we are grateful to you for your invaluable efforts!!!

    Sraosh Yazad Panahbaad. Yazdaan Panahbaad.

  8. Fali Roowalla  December 21, 2016

    Khaili Motshakaram Ervad Marzban, Appreciate very much the Thanksgiving Prayers which I will at least say it once and if possible at the beginning of every Geh.
    Would appreciate if you could kindly give us the translation of the 101 esmeh Khoda. I was lucky enough to live in our original land of Persia and learn the Persian language. Best of wishes to you and Khoda Nigeh Dar. Khoda Hafez, Fali Roowalla

  9. Mehli  December 26, 2016

    Marzban, Kindly let me know from where did u get this extention of din no kalmo as it is never seen in any other book .Please give reference with name of book and page number.

  10. Ervad Marzban J. Hathiram  December 27, 2016

    Please see Ervad K. E. Kanga’s Khordeh Avesta ba Maeni, both in Gujarati and English for “Prayer to be recited after recitation of Nyaesh and Yasht”. Page numbers will differ as per the edition. The English book page number is 403. See also the Khordeh Avesta printed by the Parsee Vegetarian and Temperance Society for the same.

  11. Avan  June 5, 2017

    While we are indeed grateful and should be very grateful to be born and bred in our beautiful faith, I happen to agree with Marzban who very sensibly writes that this feeling of Thankfulness and Gratitude should not be seized and used as an excuse to compare it with other religion/s as that makes it seem (atleast to me) that the writer is using this to point out the exclusivity of the Zoroastrian religion to the detriment of other religions. Thankfulness comes straight from the heart of a individual no matter what his religion, colour, age, sex, position may be and is a personal thing between him and his God.
    The beauty of the Zoroastrian religion is in its simplicity of good thoughts, good words and good deeds and not on its supremacy. No one becomes superior or inferior because of whatever faith he or she follows or even if he does not follow any faith or religion as long as he tries to be good human being. In Gods eyes all are equal and He just sees how truthfully and harmlessly a person lives his life. Please let it be a discourse on the state of Thankfulness and Gratitude and not to get any mileage out of it for the Zoroastrian Religion for that is absolutely unnecessary.